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Geography And Vision !FULL!


Most forms of infrared energy can be seen and measured only with the use of specialized equipment, such as infrared cameras and telescopes or night-vision goggles. These technologies use infrared waves to measure the heat released, or radiated, by an object. As the temperature of an object increases, the movement of its atoms increases and the object radiates more infrared energy. The infrared energy radiated by the object can be detected and then converted into an electronic signal used to produce a visual or thermal image.




Geography and Vision



Scientists use infrared imaging technologies in a wide range of applications. To name just a few: Earth-observing satellites study changes in land and sea surface temperatures, night-vision cameras monitor nocturnal animal behavior, telescopes detect cooler and more distant objects in the universe, and satellites monitor location and intensity of lava flows and forest fires.


Y2Y recognizes that communities need equal opportunities and rights to thrive, so Y2Y respects human diversity, equity, inclusion, and environmental and social justice, and opposes actions and policies that undermine these principles within the projects and work that we do in advancing the Y2Y vision on the ground.


In 2017, she was recognized as the 17th most referenced author in urban geography worldwide, the only woman in the top 20. Her most recent book, Defensible Space on the Move (Wiley, 2022), examines the policy mobility of urban housing redesign that purports to inhibit criminal behavior from the United States to the United Kingdom. She published two papers last year on the effects of Airbnbs on cities.


The prognosis is poor, as there are no available treatment, and the disease is chronic and progressive. Progression of GA is associated with extensive decrease in visual acuity, a study has shown that 31% of patients with GA lose at least three lines of vision in 2 years,[37] and the growth rate median is 2.1 mm2/year, but with variation up to 10.2mm2/year.[38] The rate of progression differs between patients, but signs of fast progression is high amounts of hyperfluorescense shown on fundus autofluorescence, and a decrease retinal function regarding contrast sensitivity or reading ability.


The region's vision for 2050 is to provide exceptional quality of life, opportunity for all, connected communities, a spectacular natural environment, and an innovative, thriving economy.


This graphic shows how cities and unincorporated areas are categorized by "regional geographies" and how much growth is allocated to each geography. Snohomish County Cities & Towns and Rural figures are rounded to the nearest half percent and 500 population. Other figures are rounded to the nearest whole percentage and 1000 population. Tribal lands are also identified as a regional geography in VISION 2050.


The purpose of this brief article is to explore the role and function of geography in the narrative structure of Visions of Amram (henceforth: VA). This Aramaic composition, which has been preserved in at least five Qumran manuscripts, is clearly a narrative. The protagonist of the story is Amram, father of Moses, Aaron, and Miriam.1


I begin by giving a brief overview of the geographical names used in VA and their significance in the context. Next, I attempt to describe the geographical framework of the narrative and to investigate how this framework supports the overall structure of the composition, and which aspects of the geography, and their interplay with the temporal sequences in the narrative, serve to enhance the authority and importance of the story told and the vision it presents. Special attention will be given to the geography of the exodus events as they are presented in VA. I also examine the way in which the spatial movements of persons reflected in the text mirror or echo patterns of movement of exile and return, known to the potential readers from the narratives of the Pentateuch.5


The preserved passages relating to the vision create a rather different form of spatiality. A transcendent world is revealed to Amram in his dream, an angelic figure addresses him, and he sees two supernatural beings engaged in a strife concerning himself. The angel, apparently one of the two opponents in the heavenly battle, informs him that they are the rulers of two opposing realms, that of light and that of darkness.


The contours of the transcendent reality shown and explained to Amram in the course of his dream vision, in other words, stand in contrast to the familiar geographical and narrative setting within which it is embedded in VA. Through this contrast the author of VA obtains a neat balance between the well-known landscape and the narratives it represents, and the revelation of an otherworldly reality conveyed to Amram (and to the readers) by the angelic figures. Thus, a twofold authority is created for the vision account: It shares the established authority of the written traditions and enjoys the authority of a divine communication mediated by angels.


The domain organization is coherent with campus-wide initiatives where geography faculty contribute and often take a leadership role, for example: GIScience faculty are linked to the Spatial Center (spatial@ucsb) and the Network Science initiative, Ocean Science faculty are aligned with IGPMS, Population and Health faculty are involved with the Broom Center for Demography and the UC Global and Planetary Health, Cognitive Science faculty are linked to the graduate emphasis in Cognitive Science, and the Terrestrial Sciences are linked to Bren, EEMB, Earth Science, and Environmental Studies both through direct interactions and through the Earth Research Institute. Cross-cutting themes are broad areas of scientific research that require integrated perspectives from several domains. One cross-cutting theme is focused on Climate Hazards Research. We recently established the Climate Hazards Center organized around integrated perspectives from faculty in the climate science, ocean science, population and health, and urban analytics domains. This theme also defines a large share of the departments extramural funding and leverages a talented pool of professional researchers housed within the department. Another theme is emerging around Sensor-Network Enabled Conservation Planning and Environmental Science. This balances overlapping expertise among our Terrestrial Sciences and GIScience domains and emerged from discussion following announcement of the Dangermond gift of the Bixby Ranch Preserve.


Methodologically, I use détournement (Debord 1956) to build a visual argument that combines a text-based scholarly literature review with a limited corpus of pre-existing images taken from two recent popular Italian comics to tell a story. Reading between images, texts and gutters makes concrete the paradoxical materiality of words and discursivity of images, while building upon a purposefully limited visual corpus. This dialogue of images and words results in a call for an empathic geography, connecting bodies and experiences visually, suitable for representing a fragmented world built upon making sense of a diversity of viewpoints.


Come study the world with us! The Department of Geography celebrated its 60th anniversary in 2020-21 and remains the only comprehensive geography program in Atlantic Canada, offering BA, BSc., Honours, MA, MSc., and PhD programs. At Memorial, Geography aims to teach students how to investigate environmental and human systems using interdisciplinary, field-informed concepts and approaches. Our Faculty teach students theories, methods and analytical techniques applicable to a wide range of questions and broad spectrum of occupations and to foster a spirit of inquiry about geography. Our research encompasses local, national, and international interests, including climate change, Arctic communities, coastal governance, electronic waste, immigration, marine habitat mapping, microplastics pollution, resource development, and urban development. Visit our Research and Faculty pages to learn more, and read our most recent Research Report.


It's "particularly important while we continue to rapidly develop stem cell therapies that hold the promise for restoring vision already lost to this horrifying all too common cause of central blindness," Schwartz said.


The European young farmers association (CEJA) welcomed the vision and, particularly, the establishment of a rural observatory and Toolkit on funding opportunities, which they consider great instruments to better inform on policymaking.


AMD is a progressive retinal disease and the leading cause of central vision loss in the population over age 50 years in developed countries [1]. AMD is classified into two types, dry or nonneovascular AMD and wet or neovascular AMD. In the dry form, loss of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells in the macula results in atrophy of retinal tissue with the late stage referred to as geographic atrophy (GA). In wet AMD, choroidal neovascularization (CNV) develops under the retina and macula. This form can also continue to atrophy in the late stages, resulting in GA. This suggests that in many AMD patients, regardless of whether they have the dry or the wet form, the final anatomic outcome leading to loss of vision is GA. While wet AMD accounts for much of the vision loss due to AMD, it comprises only about 10% of the entire AMD population [2]. The 90% of AMD patients who suffer from dry AMD can also have devastating vision loss when end-stage GA develops.


Within dry AMD, GA is an advanced form, severely affecting vision and often threatening complete vision loss in an estimated 1.5 million individuals in the =USA and up to 5 million worldwide [6]. Trends project GA prevalence to rise in the coming years, with estimates of 18.57 million cases globally by the year 2040 [7]. Progression to GA is irreversible, and there are currently no approved treatments.


Finally, microperimetry may be used as a complement to VA measurements. Microperimetry measures retinal movements in real-time via scanning laser ophthalmoscope and maps retinal sensitivity on a fundus image. Microperimetry can identify macular pathology prior to centralized vision loss and is a noninvasive, evolving technique of interest in AMD diagnosis [15]. 041b061a72


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