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Advantageousness


I argue that the idea of 'quasi-independence' [Lewontin, R. C. (1978). Adaptation. Scientific American, 239(3), 212-230] cannot be understood without attending to the distinction between fitness and advantageousness [Sober, E. (1993). Philosophy of biology. Boulder: Westview Press]. Natural selection increases the frequency of fitter traits, not necessarily of advantageous ones. A positive correlation between an advantageous trait and a disadvantageous one may prevent the advantageous trait from evolving. The quasi-independence criterion is aimed at specifying the conditions under which advantageous traits will evolve by natural selection in this type of situation. Contrary to what others have argued [Sterelny, K. (1992). Evolutionary explanations of human behavior. Australian Journal of Philosophy, 70(2), 156-172, and Sterelny, K., & Griffiths, P. (1999). Sex and death. Chicago: University of Chicago Press], these conditions must involve a precise quantitative measure of (a) the extent to which advantageous traits are beneficial, and (b) the degree to which they are correlated with other traits. Driscoll (2004) [Driscoll, C. (2004). Can behaviors be adaptations? Philosophy of Science, 71, 16-35] recognizes the need for such a measure, but I argue that she does not provide the correct formulation. The account of quasi-independence that I offer clarifies this point.




advantageousness


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Appointed by Senate President: Stephen S. Hershey, Jr.; James N. Matthias, Jr.Appointed by House Speaker: Luke H. Clippinger; Johnny F. Mautz IV.Ex officio: R. Michael Gill, Secretary of Commerce; Robert C. Brennan, Executive Director, Maryland Economic Development Corporation; Mary Beth Tung, Esq., Ph.D., Director, Maryland Energy Administration; I. Katherine Magruder, Executive Director, Maryland Clean Energy Center; Roy C. McGrath, Director, Maryland Environmental Service; John M. Wasilisin, Acting Executive Director, Maryland Technology Development Corporation; D. Gregory Cole, Executive Director, Maryland Industrial Development Financing Authority.Staff: Tamela D. Burt; Stephen M. Ross; Robert K. Smith; Jody J. Sprinkle; Tonya D. Zimmerman.c/o Department of Legislative ServicesLegislative Services Building, 90 State Circle, Annapolis, MD 21401(410) 946-5530e-mail: tami.burt@mlis.state.md.usReport, June 2017In June 2016, the Task Force on the Maryland Clean Energy Center was created (Chapter 577, Acts of 2016).The Maryland Clean Energy Center encourages the development both of the clean energy industry and deployment of clean energy technologies. It works to attract and retain business activities in the State's clean energy technology industry sector; and promotes economic development and the health, safety, and welfare of Marylanders.The Task Force on the Maryland Clean Energy Center was to determine how best to make the Maryland Clean Energy Center self-sustaining. First, the Task Force assessed what programs currently are provided by the Center, and what programs it could provide, including the establishment of a green bank. Whether the Center should partner with existing State financing instrumentalities was considered, as well as the advantageousness of the Center co-locating with such an instrumentality or another State agency. Further, the Task Force was to determine whether the balance of loans to the Center from the Maryland Energy Administration in FY2009 should be converted to a start-up grant towards making the Center self-sustaining. Finally, the Task Force was to decide how much annual grant funding the Center needs until it achieves financial sustainability.The Task Force was made up of thirteen members.In June 2017, the Task Force submitted its report to the Governor and General Assembly.Authorization for the Task Force ended June 30, 2017.Maryland Constitutional Offices & AgenciesMaryland Departments Maryland Independent AgenciesMaryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory BoardsMaryland Universities & CollegesMaryland Counties Maryland Municipalities Maryland at a GlanceMaryland Manual On-LineSearch the Manuale-mail: mdmanual@maryland.gov


Reliability is one of the key features of road vehicle operation. Of course, the operational costs of a vehicle or vehicle fleets are closely related to reliability. If the fleet operator, in this case operator of limestone quarry fleet, operates with older vehicle fleet and gradually renews fleet, situation occurs, where it is possible to assess the advantageousness of fleet renewal not only in terms of reliability, but also the operational costs. Thus, it is possible the retrospective assessment of the correct decisions in tenders.


This, on a side note, is also why often when you're doing benchmarks of graphical toolkits the software rendering of X ends up being faster then the hardware accelerated version it's still advantageousness to use the GPU rendering IF you can do the majority of the rendering on the GPU. Certain toolkit microbenchmarks will often show that CPU rendering is faster in some things then GPU rendering. The GPU just sucks at certain things, but ideally you want to use the GPU 100% of the time to avoid the multiple trips over the PCI Express buss. Each time you have to send texture data across the buss your just burning hundreds of thousands of GPU and CPU cycles just waiting for data to be pushed over.you can imagine the huge penalty you have if you do, say, text rendering in software, but do the rest on the GPU. Even if the GPU rendering was a dozen times slower, in the real world GPU will still win.Luckily AMD and Intel are trying to simplify things quite a bit with putting CPUs and GPUs on the same hunk of silicon. No need to flush textures back and forth if your sharing the same memory. :) But even then making proper use of the GPU with software will yield huge improvements in efficiency and performance. LPC: Life after X Posted Nov 8, 2010 14:02 UTC (Mon) by nix (subscriber, #2304) [Link]


Results: First of all, we found that prescriptions concentrate on two preparations (iron gluconate and iron carboxymaltose). Also, there are only two relevant groups of physicians, predominantly specialists in internal medicine practicing as general physicians/practitioners/family doctors and nephrologists. Significant differences between the amounts of iron prescribed became apparent in dependence on drug and group of physicians. The cost components assessed, too, showed great variations with a strong influence on the economic advantageousness of the preparations assessed.


Conclusion: Treatment focuses on two preparations only. From the point of view of statutory health insurance, their economic advantageousness is substantially dependent on other cost components in addition to the mere drug costs. We can demonstrate that simply comparing the costs of the alternatives is inadequate to ensure patient-oriented and efficient care. 041b061a72


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